Saturday, 8 October 2011

WPF: TreeView example (Part 1)


Let’s look at another often used control in business applications – TreeView. It is a great control to visualise hierarchical data. Take an example – of customer, their orders and order details. A lot of data without using TreeView – it can get little bit complex to show the relationship between the data.

Just like we have ListBox and its ListBoxItem where we can include any control – not just text; we have TreeView has TreeViewItem.

The XAML goes as:

   <TreeView Margin="10,10">
                <TreeViewItem Header="Sony">
                    <TreeViewItem Header="Order-123">
                        <TreeViewItem Header="LCD TV"/>
                        <TreeViewItem Header="Wii"/>
                        <TreeViewItem Header="Vaio"/>
                    </TreeViewItem>                    
                </TreeViewItem>
                <TreeViewItem Header="Apple">
                    <TreeViewItem Header="Order-1">
                        <TreeViewItem Header="iPod"/>
                        <TreeViewItem Header="iPhone"/>
                        <TreeViewItem Header="iPad"/>
                    </TreeViewItem>
                    <TreeViewItem Header="Order-2">
                        <TreeViewItem Header="Mac"/>
                    </TreeViewItem>
                </TreeViewItem>
            </TreeView>            

Not the best data, but I hope good enough to use in a TreeView.

The output is:


image

How do we add items in code? We have instantiate TreeViewItem objects and add it to the “Items” collection. For e.g.:

TreeViewItem item = new TreeViewItem();
item.Header = "1";
item.Items.Add(new TreeViewItem { Header = "10" });
item.Items.Add(new TreeViewItem { Header = "11" });
item.Items.Add(new TreeViewItem { Header = "12" });
TreeViewItem item2 = new TreeViewItem();
item2.Header = "2";
item2.Items.Add(new TreeViewItem { Header = "20" });
item2.Items.Add(new TreeViewItem { Header = "21" });
item2.Items.Add(new TreeViewItem { Header = "22" });
tv.Items.Add(item);
tv.Items.Add(item2);

image


Now we have set the Foreground colour of Window class to Orange – but we do not get Orange on the TreeView text Why?

You will see that when a TreeViewItem is selected, its foreground colour turns to White and background to blue.

image

So if the ‘White’ foreground colour inherits down to the other TreeViewItems – then their fore colour will also change to White – making then invisible.

To test this, let’s add a TextBlock as a child without using TreeViewItem:

<TreeViewItem Header="Order-1">
	<TreeViewItem Header="iPod"/>
	<TreeViewItem Header="iPhone"/>
	<TreeViewItem Header="iPad"/>
	<TextBlock Text="Apple TV" />
</TreeViewItem>


image


As you can see here, a TextBlock inherits its foreground colour from its parent – ‘Order-1’ TreeViewItem – and so appears to be hidden. This means that each TreeViewItem uses system settings for their colour settings – when selected. So:

- When we are using TreeViewItem, the property values are not inherited from parent
- When using controls directly, property values are inherited

So how do we set a common foreground for all the TreeViewItems?

2 comments:

  1. Wow, you have a copywriting talent.
    I've passed dozens of tutorials on WPF TreeView and this is the best - most simple, step by step, reproducible

    ReplyDelete

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